After a condition is diagnosed and assessed, treatment may include:
- Drug therapy. Some forms of nerve and muscle disease can be treated effectively with medication. Treatment may include immunosuppressive drugs for certain muscle and nerve diseases and diseases of the nerve-muscle junctions. Anticonvulsants or antidepressants may be used to treat the pain of neuropathy.
- Referrals to appropriate specialists. Patients may receive referrals to surgeons in the Departments of Neurological Surgery, Thoracic Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, or elsewhere. Or they may be referred to physical, occupational, speech, or rehabilitation specialists; physiatrists; pulmonary medicine specialists; or ophthalmologists.
- Patient and family education and counseling. In addition to individual and family sessions, treatment may include referral to appropriate support groups or genetic counselors.
- Further testing. Various specialists, such as physical therapists and nutritionists, may evaluate patients as needed.